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FAA Issues Emergency Directive After Boeing 737 MAX 8 Crash in Indonesia

The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration issued an emergency airworthiness directive on how to handle erroneous data from a sensor that investigators believe malfunctioned on a new Boeing jet that plunged into the sea in Indonesia, killing all 189 people on board.

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Washington, DC, United States (VOA) – The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration issued an emergency airworthiness directive on how to handle erroneous data from a sensor that investigators believe malfunctioned on a new Boeing jet that plunged into the sea in Indonesia, killing all 189 people on board.

The directive gives regulatory weight to a safety bulletin that Boeing sent to operators of its 737 MAX 8 and MAX 9 planes based on findings from the ongoing Indonesian investigation into the Oct. 29 crash of a Lion Air jet. FAA directives are usually followed by other airline regulators internationally.

Bad data from sensor

The FAA said erroneous data from the “angle of attack” sensor, which helps prevent the plane from stalling and diving, could cause flight crew to have difficulty controlling the airplane and lead to “excessive nose-down attitude, significant altitude loss, and possible impact with the terrain.”

The directive instructs airlines to make specific changes to flight manual procedures for responding to the problem. Boeing’s bulletin said it was directing flight crews to existing guidelines.

Indonesian investigators on Wednesday said the sensor was replaced on the Lion Air plane the day before its fatal flight and may have compounded other problems with the aircraft.

New 737 MAX 8

The 2-month-old Boeing 737 MAX 8 crashed into the Java Sea 13 minutes after takeoff from Jakarta. Both that flight and its Oct. 28 flight from Bali to Jakarta had erratic speed and altitude shortly after takeoff.

Indonesia’s National Transportation Safety Committee earlier this week announced the plane had a malfunctioning airspeed indicator on its last four flights, based on analysis of the flight data recorder. Chairman Soerjanto Tjahjono said the airspeed indicator and sensor problems are related.

Lion Air’s first two attempts to address the airspeed problem didn’t work, and for the jet’s second-to-last flight the “angle of attack” sensors were replaced, Tjahjono said.

On that Oct. 28 flight, from Bali to Jakarta, the pilot’s and copilot’s sensors disagreed by about 20 degrees. The plane went into a sudden dive minutes after takeoff, from which the pilots were able to recover. They decided to fly on to Jakarta at a lower-than-normal altitude.

On the fatal flight, the plane hit the water at very high speed after the flight crew had been cleared to return to the airport several minutes after takeoff.

“The point is that after the AOA (sensor) is replaced, the problem is not solved but the problem might even increase. Is this fatal? NTSC wants to explore this,” Tjahjono said.

Airline safety experts said pilots are trained to handle a plane safely if those crucial sensors fail and backup systems are generally in place as well.

There are audio signals and physical warnings that can alert the pilot to malfunctioning equipment or other dangers, said Todd Curtis, director of the Airsafe.com Foundation.

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Finance

Facebook Unable to Identify Who Was Behind Network of Fake Accounts

Facebook said Tuesday it had been unable to determine who was behind dozens of fake accounts it took down shortly before the 2018 U.S. midterm elections.

“Combined with our takedown last Monday, in total we have removed 36 Facebook accounts, 6 Pages, and 99 Instagram accounts for coordinated inauthentic behavior,” Nathaniel Gleicher, head of cybersecurity policy, wrote on the company’s blog.

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San Francisco, CA, United States (VOA) – Facebook said Tuesday it had been unable to determine who was behind dozens of fake accounts it took down shortly before the 2018 U.S. midterm elections.

“Combined with our takedown last Monday, in total we have removed 36 Facebook accounts, 6 Pages, and 99 Instagram accounts for coordinated inauthentic behavior,” Nathaniel Gleicher, head of cybersecurity policy, wrote on the company’s blog.

At least one of the Instagram accounts had well over a million followers, according to Facebook.

A website that said it represented the Russian state-sponsored Internet Research Agency claimed responsibility for the accounts last week, but Facebook said it did not have enough information to connect the agency that has been called a troll farm.

“As multiple independent experts have pointed out, trolls have an incentive to claim that their activities are more widespread and influential than may be the case,” Gleicher wrote.

Sample images provided by Facebook showed posts on a wide range of issues. Some advocated on behalf of social issues such as women’s rights and LGBT pride, while others appeared to be conservative users voicing support for President Donald Trump.

The viewpoints on display potentially fall in line with a Russian tactic identified in other cases of falsified accounts. A recent analysis of millions of tweets by the Atlantic Council found that Russian trolls often pose as members on either side of contentious issues in order to maximize division in the United States.

– Courtesy VOA

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At $50M, the ‘Pink Legacy’ Diamond Shines Brightest in Christie’s Sale

The ‘Pink Legacy’, a diamond weighing just under 19 carats, fetched a record 50.375 million Swiss francs ($50 million) as it outshone all other auction lots at Christie’s in Geneva on Tuesday.

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Geneva, Switzerland (VoA) – At $50M, ‘Pink Legacy’ Diamond Shines Brightest in Christie’s Sale

The ‘Pink Legacy’, a diamond weighing just under 19 carats, fetched a record 50.375 million Swiss francs ($50 million) as it outshone all other auction lots at Christie’s in Geneva on Tuesday.

Graded “vivid”, the highest rating for a pink diamond’s color, the gem is internally pure with a rectangular cut, and mounted on a platinum ring.

Once owned by the Oppenheimer Family, who built De Beers into the world’s biggest diamond trader, the diamond had a pre-sale estimate of $30 to $50 million. The identity of the seller was not disclosed.

Vivid colored diamonds are the most strongly saturated gems, displaying the optimum hue of the stone. Most pink diamonds of this color weigh less than one carat, the auction house – which was holding its semi-annual jewellery sale – said.

Christie’s said the ‘Pink Legacy’ achieved a new per-carat record for a pink diamond, and was the second most expensive one ever sold at auction.

($1 = 1.0073 Swiss francs)

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Wall Street Woes Continue for Second Straight Day

Stocks fell again Tuesday on unpredictable trading, not as lavishly as Monday’s bloodbath, but still bad enough for investors to warn of continuing volatility for the remainder of the year.

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Arthur J. Villasanta – Fourth Estate Contributor

Neew York, NY, United States (4E) – Stocks fell again Tuesday on unpredictable trading, not as lavishly as Monday’s bloodbath, but still bad enough for investors to warn of continuing volatility for the remainder of the year.

Apple was again a major source of Wall Street’s woes Tuesday, and was joined by oil, whose price fell by more than 7%. Apple’s stocks continue to bleed from the news one of its major Chinese suppliers cut its outlook for its fiscal second quarter in 2019 because Apple predicted lower sales.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average yesterday fell 100.69 points to 25,286.49. The S&P 500 was a well of bad news, stumbling 0.2 percent to 2,722.18 for its fourth straight decline. The NASDAQ Composite closed almost unchanged at 7,200.87.

At their session highs, the Dow and S&P 500 rose more than 100 points and 1 percent, respectively. The NASDAQ had gained as much as 1.6 percent. The major indices hit their session highs after the White House confirmed reports of renewed talks between the U.S. and China on trade. But Apple and oil doused whatever optimism was generated by this seeming piece of good news on the trade front.

Yesterday, energy was the worst-performing sector after crude prices fell to their lowest levels in a year. Wall Street now appears to be held hostage by Apple. Stock again sank into the red in the afternoon after Apple tumbled on the lack of positive news.

“I’m not convinced this tech skittishness is over,” said Randy Frederick, vice president of trading and derivatives at the Schwab Center for Financial Research. “Normally, I wouldn’t say one sector can drag the entire market lower, but tech is the biggest sector.”

On Monday, the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell an enormous 602 points in another day of extreme and unnerving volatility at U.S. equity markets.

Monday’s huge losses brought the Dow’s decline over the past two sessions to 804 points. The Dow closed at 25,387.18. The tech-heavy NASDAQ Composite retreated 2.8 percent to 7,200.87 and fell back into the correction territory it first entered during the October market rout.

The S&P 500 tech sector stumbled into correction territory, dropping 2% to 2,726.22 as financials tanked, led by Goldman Sachs. Goldman shares posted their biggest drop in seven years after news broke that Malaysia’s finance minister is demanding a refund of fees paid to Goldman for its work in scandal-plagued state investment fund 1MDB.

Analysts blamed the new rout and weak investor sentiment on a sharp decline in Apple shares; a rise in the U.S. dollar and perssistent worries about global trade, especially a ramped-up U.S. trade war.

The major indices hit their lows of the day in late-afternoon trading media reported the White House had circulated a draft report on auto tariffs that plans to impose a 25% tax on all luxury cars imported into the U.S. Shares of General Motors turned negative following the report.

Apple led the rout in tech, its shares falling by 5% after Lumentum Holdings, which makes technology for the iPhone’s face-recognition feature, cut its outlook for its fiscal second quarter in 2019. Lumentum CEO Alan Lowe said one of its largest customers (Apple) asked the company to “materially reduce shipments” for its products. Shares of Lumentum plunged 33 percent at the news.

The S&P 500 tech sector is down more than 10 percent from its 52-week high. Nearly 70 percent of the stocks in the sector are in a correction. One analyst said the FAANG trade is dead and the market is struggling to find a replacement.

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