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U.S.’ First Hyperloop Service Might Begin in 2022

The first Hyperloop trains (or is it, pods?) in the United States should become operational by 2022, if the optimistic expectations of California-based Hyperloop Transportation Technologies (HTT) is to be believed.

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Arthur J. Villasanta – Fourth Estate Contributor

Cadiz, Spain (4E) – The first Hyperloop trains (or is it, pods?) in the United States should become operational by 2022, if the optimistic expectations of California-based Hyperloop Transportation Technologies (HTT) is to be believed.

This optimism seems to have sprung from HTT the other day unveiling its first full-size passenger capsule in Cadiz, Spain. HTT CEO Dirk Ahlborn said his company to have a full hyperloop system up and running in three years. “In three years, you and me, we can take a hyperloop,” he said.

The German-born Ahlborn estimates that worldwide adoption of hyperloop transport in places such as Bavaria, Germany and Guizhou, China might come in “maybe five to 10” years once a legal framework is in place.

“It’s definitely much sooner than anybody would expect,” said Ahlborn.

He revealed that HTT’s passenger capsule measures 105 feet long and weighs five tons. The interio’s still being designed. The capsule will fit between 28 and 40 passengers.

From Cadiz, the capsule will be transported to HTT’s research and development center in Toulouse, France to finish assembly. It will then be tested at the facility’s full-size track.

“The importance of what we achieved is that it’s a real full-scale capsule,” said HTT chairman and co-founder Bibop Gresta. “This is the first time that we’ve shown what a hyperloop would look like.”

Hyperloop transport was first envisioned by Tesla CEO Elon Musk in 2013. The revolutionary technology uses magnets to levitate and propel pods through large vacuum tubes at speeds of more 1,000 km/h, almost ten times the average train speed. This means shortening travel time from Los Angeles to San Francisco (a distance of 615 km via I-5N) to just 30 minutes.

HTT is one of several companies hoping to realize Musk’s vision. Ahlborn founded HTT in 2014 to take-up Musk’s challenge to build a Hyperloop.

In a 78-page report he released in 2014, Ahlborn went over all of the needs for the Hyperloop to become a reality. At the time, Ahlborn claims his Hyperloop will cost anywhere between $7 and $19 billion to develop.

Ahlborn doesn’t plan for Hyperloop to be for the high-class only. Economy tickets should be available for $20 to $30.

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Finance

Uber and Lyft are Worsening Traffic Congestion in San Francisco

San Franciscans will be “delighted” to learn that ride-hailing firms Uber Technologies, Inc. and Lyft are playing an important role in the worsening traffic congestion in their fair city.

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Arthur J. Villasanta – Fourth Estate Contributor

San Francisco, CA, United States (4E) – San Franciscans will be “delighted” to learn that ride-hailing firms Uber Technologies, Inc. and Lyft are playing an important role in the worsening traffic congestion in their fair city. Both Uber and Lyft are headquartered in San Francisco.

The San Francisco County Transportation Authority (SFCTA) reported that ride-hailing companies are responsible for up to one-fourth of the increase in traffic congestion in San Francisco. Jobs and population growth also play a major role in the daily gridlock.

The SFCTA report reveals that from 2010 and 2016, ride-hailing services accounted for:

* 55 percent of the average speed decline;

* 51 percent of the increase in daily vehicle hours of delay;

* 47 percent of the increase in vehicle miles travelled and

* 25 percent of total vehicle congestion citywide

Traffic congestion has really gotten worse in some districts, thanks to Uber and Lyft.In District 6 that includes the tech company-packed SoMa (South of Market) neighborhood, ride-hailing services account for 45 percent of the increased delay.

It gets worse in District 3, which includes tourist-heavy areas like The Embarcadero and North Beach. Uber and Lyft account for 73 percent of increased delays.

SFCTA utilized data from INRIX, a commercial dataset that combines numerous real-time GPS monitoring sources with data from highway performance monitoring systems. It also worked with Northeastern University for its transportation network services trip data set.

This report comes at a time when San Francisco is trying to manage and regulate emerging modes of transportation like bike-share and scooter-share.

“To the extent we believe all of these things will shape our future, then we want to wrestle with them,” said Joe Castiglione, the study’s co-author and SFCTA Deputy Director for Technology, Data and Analysis.

“We’re working with the SFMTA to determine how to look at all these on-demand delivery services.”

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U.S. Steel Agrees to 14% Pay Hike for USW Workers

United States Steel (USS), the country’s second largest steel producer, and the United Steelworkers (USW) bargaining committee have reached a tentative deal that guarantees a 14% pay hike for union members until 2021, plus other benefits.

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Arthur J. Villasanta – Fourth Estate Contributor

Pennsylvania, PA, United States (4E) – United States Steel (USS), the country’s second largest steel producer, and the United Steelworkers (USW) bargaining committee have reached a tentative deal that guarantees a 14% pay hike for union members until 2021, plus other benefits.

“We have a tentative agreement with USS and unanimous recommendation from the bargaining committee,” said the USW in an update to members. “Thank you for support and solidarity.”

The four-year contract agreed upon includes a 4 percent raise the first year; 3.5 percent raises in 2019 and 2020, and a 3 percent raise in 2021 for a total increase of 14 percent in pay. There’s also a $4,000 signing bonus.

The proposed deal will also preserve existing healthcare benefits and incentives formulas. It will include a second healthcare option and there will be no premium increases for retirees.

Union representatives will explain the proposal in detail during meetings at union locals.

“We are pleased to have reached a tentative agreement with the USW we believe is fair and in the best long-term interests of our employees and their families, as well as U.S. Steel’s customers, stockholders and other stakeholders,” said USS President and CEO David Burritt.

“Together, we’ve agreed on terms that will create certainty and stability for our many stakeholders, enable our company to implement our long-term business strategy, which includes continued, responsible investments in our people and plants, and position U.S. Steel to remain a leader in the highly competitive global steel industry.”

Last month, USS workers overwhelmingly voted to authorize a strike because of concerns about the company taking away healthcare and retiree benefits. These moves would have also burdened steelworkers with thousands of dollars a year in out-of-pocket healthcare costs.

The union and steelmaker returned to the bargaining table in Pittsburgh, and the two sides were finally able to hammer out an agreement months after negotiations started this summer.

“We are relieved that the company came to their senses,” said Michael Young, president of USW Local 6103, which represents steelworkers at the Midwest Plant in Portage. “I think this agreement is an agreement the members deserve and we are proud to bring it home to the membership for ratification.”

Negotiations between USW and ArcelorMittal, the world’s largest steel maker, continue. ArcelorMittal and U.S. Steel account for nearly 25 percent of U.S. steel production.

Last month, 15,000 members of the USW at ArcelorMittal unanimously voted to authorize a nationwide strike at plants operated by the company if negotiations over new contracts flounder. ArcelorMittal also wants concessions from workers despite recently reporting its highest quarterly profit in seven years.

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First Spaceflight for SpaceX Dragon 2 Reset to 2019

The first uncrewed orbital test mission of the Dragon 2 spacecraft made by SpaceX has been re- scheduled for launch in January 2019.

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Arthur J. Villasanta – Fourth Estate Contributor

Hawthorne, CA, United States (4E) – The first uncrewed orbital test mission of the Dragon 2 spacecraft made by SpaceX has been re- scheduled for launch in January 2019.

The mission designated “SpX-DM1 (SpaceX Demonstration Mission 1)” will test the approach and automated docking procedures of Dragon 2 with the International Space Station (ISS). According to the mission profile, the Dragon 2 spacecraft will remain docked at the ISS for a few weeks.

Thereafter, the spacecraft will conduct the full re-entry, splashdown and recovery steps to provide data needed to qualify for flights transporting humans to the ISS. The same Dragon 2 will be re-used for an in-flight abort test.

The mission was originally scheduled to fly in December. The re-scheduling follows misgivings by Hans Koenigsmann, SpaceX’s vice president of build and flight reliability, about scheduling issues that might push the test flight into 2019.

“The hardware might be ready, but we might still have to do some paperwork on the certification side of it,” said Koenigsmann. “It’s going to be a close call whether we fly this year or not.”

Despite the delay, both SpaceX and NASA still intend to have all systems prepared for launch in December,

“Having completed a number of additional milestones including substantial training and numerous integrated mission simulations, end-to-end Dragon checkouts at the Cape, complete Falcon 9 vehicle integration review, and installation of the crew access arm at LC-39A, SpaceX is on track for launch readiness in December,” said SpaceX spokesperson Eva Behrend.

“We look forward to launching our first demonstration flight of Crew Dragon — one of the safest, most advanced human spaceflight systems ever built — as part of the Commercial Crew program and working with NASA to identify the specific launch target date soon.”

The uncrewed test flights are preparation for crewed test flights. SpX-DM2 (SpaceX Demonstration Mission 2) will be the first crewed test flight of SpaceX’s Crew Dragon spacecraft, and is scheduled fror June 2019. This mission will carry a crew of two astronauts. It will be the first manned flight of an American spacecraft into orbit since STS-135 in July 2011.

STS-135 was the final mission of the iconic Space Shuttle Program. It was flown by the shuttle Atlantis on July 8, 2011.

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