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Facing Intense Criticism, Amazon is Forced to Raise Minimum Wage to $15 for All U.S. Employees

Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) must be overjoyed. Amazon.com has said it will raise the hourly wage of all its employees to $15 an hour, the rate Sanders has been shaming Amazon and its billionaire owner, Jeff Bezos, into granting for the past year.

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Arthur J. Villasanta – Fourth Estate Contributor

Seattle, WA, United States (4E) – Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) must be overjoyed. Amazon.com has said it will raise the hourly wage of all its employees to $15 an hour, the rate Sanders has been shaming Amazon and its billionaire owner, Jeff Bezos, into granting for the past year.

The long-overdue pay raise for Amazon employees, many of whom have to rely on food stamps because of their low hourly Amazon wages, will take effect Nov.1 this year. The new minimum wage will benefit more than 250,000 Amazon employees (including part-time and temporary employees) and 100,000 seasonal employees. Some employees who already make $15 per hour will also see a pay increase.

Amazon will also raise wages for British employees to a minimum of £10.50 ($13.61) for workers in London and £9.50 ($12.31) in the rest of the Unnited Kingdom.

Amazon and Bezos have faced intense criticism for the low hourly pay among Amazon employees. Sen. Sanders last month introduced a bill called the “Stop Bezos Act” to tax corporations for every dollar their low-wage workers receive in government health-care benefits or food stamps.

Amazon said the effect of the higher pay will be reflected in its forward-looking quarterly guidance. Shares of Amazon were trading a fraction of 1 percent lower before the market open.

The company and CEO Jeff Bezos have been facing criticism for its pay disparity. Sen. Bernie Sanders last month introduced legislation called the Bezos Act to tax corporations for every dollar that their low-wage workers receive in government health-care benefits or food stamps.

In early September, Sanders attacked Amazon in a blistering tweet before filing the Stop Bezos Act that said: “Thousands of Amazon workers have to rely on food stamps, Medicaid and public housing to survive. That is what a rigged economy looks like. Tomorrow we will introduce a bill to end subsidies for low-wage employers.”

Amazon’s starting pay varies by location. It ranges from $10 an hour at a warehouse in Austin, Texas to $13.50 an hour in Robbinsville, New Jersey. In 2017, the median Amazon employee earned just under $28,500, according to company filings. Bezos earned $1.7 million.

“We listened to our critics, thought hard about what we wanted to do, and decided we want to lead,” said Bezos. “We’re excited about this change and encourage our competitors and other large employers to join us.”

Target said it will raise ita minimum hourly wage to $15 by 2020. Walmart announced plans in January to raise its minimum wage to $11 from $9.

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Finance

European Central Bank Finally Ends Massive QE Program

On December 31, the European Central Bank (ECB) will formally end its almost four-year old quantitative easing (QE) program that prevented the euro zone economy from succumbing to its own version of the U.S. Great Recession of 2008.

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Arthur J. Villasanta – Fourth Estate Contributor

Frankfurt, Germany (4E) – On December 31, the European Central Bank (ECB) will formally end its almost four-year old quantitative easing (QE) program that prevented the euro zone economy from succumbing to its own version of the U.S. Great Recession of 2008.

ECB will stop expanding the multi-trillion Euro asset purchasing program, and will instead switch to reinvesting cash from maturing bonds to purchase additional debt. These purchases should keep borrowing costs on the low-end until 2021.

The ECB Governing Council confirmed that bond purchases will plunge from €15 billion a month to zero by the end of the year. It also left benchmark interest rates unchanged.

Introduced in March 2015, ECB’s QE program saw the bank buy more than €2.6 trillion ($2.9 trillion) in a successful bid to prevent the bloc’s banking system from unraveling. The QE measures are widely credited with helping revive the 19-member currency bloc after a double-dip recession and the holdover effects of the European debt crisis.

“With the most prominent crisis-fighting measure of the ECB now almost back in the toolbox, the big question is, what will be next?” asked Carsten Brzeski, chief economist at ING. “It seems as if the ECB wants to keep as many cards as possible close to its chest,” Brzeski said.

The timing of the ECB’s move, however, is contentious. Political developments in the United Kingdom over Brexit; Italy over excessive government spending and France over street violence seems to question the wisdom of ending QE by year-end.

The ECB meeting comes a week ahead of the U.S. Federal Reserve’s December meeting where it is expected to raise interest rates one-quarter point, its last for the year. Slowing growth in the U.S. and worldwide, due partly to Trump’s trade war, has some economists expecting the Fed to forego the next quarter-point rate hike in March.

The U.S. economy is showing clear signs of slowing down while its three equities markets have been wracked by extreme volatility linked to Trump’s trade war for the past two months.

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California’s Housing Crisis Spiraling Out of Control

California’s four decades’ old housing shortage now threatens to strangle the high-tech industries on which it relies for prosperity while hurling more people into poverty and inflating the ranks of the homeless.

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Arthur J. Villasanta – Fourth Estate Contributor

Sacramento, CA, United States (4E) – California’s four decades’ old housing shortage now threatens to strangle the high-tech industries on which it relies for prosperity while hurling more people into poverty and inflating the ranks of the homeless.

The current housing shortage has been estimated at 3 to 4 million housing units, or some 20% to 30% of California’s current housing inventory of 14 million. That’s not enough for the new jobs being created at Silicon Valley.

San Francisco Bay area cities added 400,000 new jobs but only issued 60,000 permits for new housing units from 2012 to 2017. As a result, the housing crisis is damaging the state’s high-growth economy as employers now have to contend with an increasing shortage of skilled workers who can’t find housing.

State officials estimate that California needs to build 180,000 new units of housing every year. Housing has topped 100,000 units in recent years, but that’s far short of the demand

This shortage is especially acute in coastal areas where the housing squeeze is the tightest. This supply dearth is worsened by stiff local resistance to housing construction. Several California counties such as Ventura County and a number of cities have adopted Save Open Space and Agricultural Resources (SOAR) restrictions that make it almost impossible to build housing on agricultural land.

Worse, the wildfires that devastated communities in Ventura County and other regions are adding to the housing squeeze.

One of the dire consequences of this huge imbalance between supply and demand is that California now has the 49th lowest ratio of housing units per resident in the United States. The worst result is sky high real estate prices. Median home prices now stand at $1.3 million in San Francisco and $1 million in San Jose, for example.

Worse, the housing crisis has exacerbated old social ills. Homelessness per capita is now the third highest in the U.S. while less than a third of Californians can afford a median priced home. California’s has the country’s highest level of poverty.

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U.S. CEOs Predict Economic Recession by Year-end

It’s the post-Christmas “gift” no right-minded person wants to receive — but a recession might be in the offing before this tumultuous year ends.

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New York, NY, United States (4E) – It’s the post-Christmas “gift” no right-minded person wants to receive — but a recession might be in the offing before this tumultuous year ends.

A demoralizing new survey shows American CEOs think a recession might strike as early as the year-end only two short weeks away. Economists and investors alike have been sounding the alarm for months about the likelihood of an economic recession, one of whose main triggers is the economic uncertainty caused by Trump’s trade war.

A New York Times survey surprisingly revealed that almost half of the 134 business leaders at the Yale CEO Summit expected a recession to strike by the end of the year. It said this finding was the direst yet, and shows just how worried corporate executives are about an imminent recession.

A full 67 percent of the leaders cited U.S. political instability — especially Trump’s poor performance as president — and Trump’s trade war with the world as the major triggers for the upcoming recesison.

The U.S. has enjoyed a record 10 years of economic growth since the Great Recession of 2008, and by all measures, is due for a recession. Analysts said the gnawing fear about the oncoming recession is reaching fever pitch.

“The end is near for the near-decade-long burst of global economic growth,” predicted John Graham, a finance professor at Duke and overseer of the survey.

The findings from the New York Times survey also coincide with a Duke University Fuqua School of Business survey earlier this month that found nearly half of all U.S. CFOs also believe a recession is near but predicted it will hit by the end of 2019.

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