Connect with us

Environment

Cow Farts and Poop Contribute more than Expected to Global Warming

Cow farts, which release copious amounts of methane from millions of these animals, do contribute to global warming and a new study says it does more damage to the atmosphere than previously estimated.

Editor Team

Published

on

Arthur J. Villasanta – Fourth Estate Contributor

Washington D.C., United States (4E) – Cow farts, which release copious amounts of methane from millions of these animals, do contribute to global warming and a new study says it does more damage to the atmosphere than previously estimated.

And cow farts, along with cow dung, are ecological dangers that deserve more attention than ever.

New research from the U.S. Department of Agriculture; the Joint Global Change Research Institute and the U.S. Department of Energy reveals that previous estimates of methane emissions from livestock under estimated the severity of these emissions by 11 percent.

Methane is a massive contributor to the greenhouse effect by helping to trap heat within Earth’s atmosphere and contributing to climate change. It’s a natural byproduct of digestion, and is a major component of farts.

Methane is 85 times more powerful when it comes to trapping heat compared to carbon dioxide.

In the new study, researchers looked at the data underpinning the greenhouse gas estimate of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a scientific and intergovernmental body under the auspices of the United Nations,

IPCC was organized at the request of member governments to provide the world with an objective, scientific view of climate change and its political and economic impacts.

In re-examining the IPCC data, researchers realized that some of it was outdated and didn’t take into account changes in land and animal use.

In many regions of the world, livestock numbers are changing, and breeding has resulted in larger animals with higher intakes of food. This, along with changes in livestock management, can lead to higher methane emissions,” said USDA plant physiologist Julie Wolf, who led the study.

When they applied more recent data, the researchers calculated that livestock in 2011 were responsible for unleashing 120 billion grams of methane into the atmosphere.

Most of that increase comes from changes in how cow poop and other manure are handled.

Researchers estimated a 37% increase in global methane emissions due to changes in how cow poop is handled. Today, more manure is stored in pits instead of being used as fertilizer. This practice encourages bacteria to produce twice as much methane.

In the U.S., the increase in methane emissions from poop was 71%. Fart methane rise only eight percent from the IPCC’s 2006 estimate.

Researchers said livestock were responsible for about one-fifth of methane emissions from 2003 to 2011. Livestock was also responsible for between half and three-quarters of the increase in methane emissions seen over that time period.

Researchers hope their revised estimates will help scientists and lawmakers draw more accurate conclusions about the role of livestock are playing in global warming.

Article – All Rights Reserved.
Provided by FeedSyndicate

Invests are pleased to have a team of talented correspondents, who are able to bring you quality content on a daily basis. The editorial team cover every industry and have leading market experts from the stock market, ex military journalists, cryptocurrency to health and lifestyle. If it’s important to you it’s important to us and we’ve got the best in the business bringing it to you.

Environment

Fight vs Climate Change Given Teeth with New Rules

The rules that will implement the 2015 Paris Agreement have been approved by nearly 200 countries following a contentious and sometimes rowdy series of meetings in Katowice, Poland.

Editor Team

Published

on

Arthur J. Villasanta – Fourth Estate Contributor

Katowice, Poland (4E) – The rules that will implement the 2015 Paris Agreement have been approved by nearly 200 countries following a contentious and sometimes rowdy series of meetings in Katowice, Poland.

United Nations’ member countries party to the 2018 United Nations Climate Change Conference will implement the new rules in 2020. The new rules are detailed in a 156-page rulebook broken down into themes. These themes include how countries will report and monitor their national pledges to curb greenhouse gas (GhG) emissions and update their emissions plans.

The 2018 United Nations Climate Change Conference is the 24th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP24). It’s informally known as the Katowice Climate Change Conference and was held from Dec. 2 to 15. It was held to give flesh to the Paris Agreement.

The Paris Agreement’s long-term goal is to keep the increase in global average temperature to well below 2°C (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels. It also seeks to limit the increase to 1.5°C since this level will greatly reduce the risks and effects of climate change.

Proponents of the new rules consider them a good foundation for countries to go about implementing the Paris Agreement.

“It is not easy to find agreement on a deal so specific and technical,” said Michal Kurtyka, the Polish president of the talks. “Through this package you have made a thousand little steps forward together. You can feel proud.”

Before the Katowice talks began, many expected the deal might not be as robust as it needed to be. The unity palpable at the Paris talks has weakened, mainly due to Trump’s ignorant opposition to the existence of climate change and global warming.

One of the talk’s leaders complained about the fact countries had to be dragged kicking and screaming to the finish line. He said this shows that some nations — especially Trump’s America — have not woken up to the urgent call of the report by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

The IPCC in October warned that keeping the Earth’s temperature rise to 1.5C will need “unprecedented changes” in every aspect of society.

Article – All Rights Reserved.
Provided by FeedSyndicate

Continue Reading

Environment

Largest Known Diamond in North America Unearthed in Canada

The largest diamond ever discovered in North America — a gem weighing-in at 552 carats – was recently unearthed in Canada.

Editor Team

Published

on

Arthur J. Villasanta – Fourth Estate Contributor

Northwest Territorries, Canada (4E) – The largest diamond ever discovered in North America — a gem weighing-in at 552 carats – was recently unearthed in Canada.

Canadian mining company Dominion Diamond Mines said the yellow diamond was unearthed in October at the Diavik Diamond Mine located in Northern Canada about 135 miles south of the Arctic Circle.

This still unnamed diamond, which is about the size of a chicken egg, is the seventh-biggest this century. Dominion Diamond Mines called the gemstone “astonishing.”

The company said abrasion markings on the surface of the 552 carat gemstone attest to the difficult journey it underwent during recovery, and the fact that it remains intact is remarkable.

Dominion CEO Shane Durgin said the diamond is gem quality. This means the gemstone is suitable for jewelry.

Since it’s still being evaluated, this diamond’s ultimate worth hasn’t been determined. It will not be sold in its rough form and will be polished to ramp-up its value.

The 552 carat gem is almost three times the size of the Diavik Foxfire, which is next largest stone ever found in Canada. Diavik Foxfire is a 187.7 carat gem-quality diamond unearthed in the same mine by the Rio Tinto Group.

it was later turned into a pair of yellow earrings, which sold for more than $1.5 million. That stone is about one-third the weight of this new diamond.

Yellow stones typically sell at a discount to Type IIa top whites often found in the best African mines. The highest quality fancy vivid yellow or fancy intense yellow stones can sell for a premium.

In 2015, a 1,111 carat diamond was discovered at a mine in Botswana. The size of a human palm, it came second to only the 3,106 carat Cullinan diamond, which was found in 1905 in South Africa.

Article – All Rights Reserved.
Provided by FeedSyndicate

Continue Reading

Environment

Warming Arctic Imperils our Planet, Says NOAA

The Arctic has been warmer for the past five years than at any other time since 1900 when records began being kept, and this doesn’t bode well for the future, says a report from the U.S. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Editor Team

Published

on

Arthur J. Villasanta – Fourth Estate Contributor

Washington, DC, United States (4E) – The Arctic has been warmer for the past five years than at any other time since 1900 when records began being kept, and this doesn’t bode well for the future, says a report from the U.S. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

The “2018 Arctic Report Card” from NOAA reveals the Arctic had its second-hottest year on record in 2018. This spike is part of an inexorable warming trend that stands to dramatically change the Earth’s weather patterns in coming years.

The NOAA report said 2018 was second only to 2016 in overall warmth in the Arctic. The report also revealed the Arctic experienced its second warmest air temperatures and second lowest sea-ice coverage last year.

More worryingly, polar temperatures are increasing at double the global average rate. This massive jump is causing unexpected changes in the global environment being experienced today.

The rapid Arctic warming is the most unprecedented transition in human history, said Dr Emily Osborne, who led the report. Dr Osborne said these momentous changes are impacting Arctic residents and have the potential to affect people well beyond the region.

She pointed out that in the 13 years that NOAA has been publishing these reports, the warming trend has continued to increase in severity.

The rising atmospheric warmth in the Arctic causes a sluggish and unusual jet-stream that coincides with abnormal weather events, said the report. It said the changing patterns have often brought unusually frigid temperatures to areas south of the Arctic Circle.

Some examples are the swarm of severe winter storms in the eastern United States in 2018. There’s also the frigid outbreak in Europe in March 2018 better known as the Beast from the East.

Environmentalists have long warned against dangers posed by the rapid warming in the Arctic. This unnatural warmth also threatens imperiled species like polar bears, and is a precursor of the broader impacts of climate change on the Earth.

In addition, scientists have warned the Arctic will suffer trillions of dollars worth of climate change-related damage to infrastructure over the coming decades.

Article – All Rights Reserved.
Provided by FeedSyndicate

Continue Reading

Trending